MACULAR DEGENERATION is an eye condition in which the macula, a sensitive area in the retina responsible for central and detail vision, is damaged, often causing loss of central vision.
There are three types or Macular Degeneration. "Dry" Form usually progresses slowly and causes central vision loss. "Wet" Form is rarer, and more severe. With Geographic Atrophy, the retinal support system breaks down, usually leading to vision loss.
Macular Degeneration is most common in people over 60, but can appear as early as age 40. Macular degeneration is the most common cause of severe vision loss among people over 50, and, as life expectancy increases, the disease is becoming an increasingly significant problem.
There is no conclusive proof as to what causes macular degeneration, however, some scientists believe heredity may play a part, as may UV light exposure and malnutrition.
PREVENTION: Although there is no hard evidence as to how to prevent macular degeneration, regular eye exams by your optometrist or ophthalmologist may
detect many vision-threatening conditions even before you develop symptoms. The earlier the problems are detected, the better chance of preventing vision loss.